As defined earlier, Horizontals are components of a person’s mind-body-spirit complex, such as the thoughts, emotions, symptoms, values, experiences and preferences. In Integrative Medicine, the practitioner will work with the patient to collect data and identify optimal treatment approaches to address one or more of the following components of the patient’s mind-body-spirit complex, as deemed fit.

Physiology (Body)

This will include physical symptoms, medical history, family history, current medication and side-effects thereof. An Integrative Medicine practitioner will also seek inputs from the patient on her level of comfort and satisfaction with past and current treatment approaches.

Psychology (Mind)

This will include a detailed assessment of the patient’s state of mind including anxieties, fears, sleep profile etc.

Habits (Lifestyle)

This will include a detailed assessment of the patient’s habits and preferences covering diet and nutrition, physical activity and substance use.

Environment (Family, Community and Surroundings)

This includes not only the physical environment in and around the patient’s home and workplace (if applicable), but also the social environment in which the patient lives, such as family, friends and community. Here, the practitioner aims to assess the level of safety, security and support that the patient enjoys.

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